springboot系列之启动流程

springboot系列之启动流程

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springboot系列之启动流程

Springboot简介

springboot封装了Spring组件,基于约定优于配置。提升了开发效率,本文主要讲解springboot框架的启动过程。

启动流程分析

1、首先,我们看一下启动类SpringApplication,它是位于org.springframework.boot包下面的。项目启动类源码

@SpringBootApplication
public class Application {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        SpringApplication.run(Application.class, args);
    }

}

这里用到了SpringBootApplication注解,然后在main方法中启动boot应用。

2、我们接下来看看SpringBootApplication注解的源码

@Target(ElementType.TYPE)
@Retention(RetentionPolicy.RUNTIME)
@Documented
@Inherited
@SpringBootConfiguration
@EnableAutoConfiguration
@ComponentScan(excludeFilters = { @Filter(type = FilterType.CUSTOM, classes = TypeExcludeFilter.class),
		@Filter(type = FilterType.CUSTOM, classes = AutoConfigurationExcludeFilter.class) })
public @interface SpringBootApplication {
	/**
	 * Exclude specific auto-configuration classes such that they will never be applied.
	 * @return the classes to exclude
	 */
	@AliasFor(annotation = EnableAutoConfiguration.class)
	Class<?>[] exclude() default {};
	/**
	 * Exclude specific auto-configuration class names such that they will never be
	 * applied.
	 * @return the class names to exclude
	 * @since 1.3.0
	 */
	@AliasFor(annotation = EnableAutoConfiguration.class)
	String[] excludeName() default {};
	/**
	 * Base packages to scan for annotated components. Use {@link #scanBasePackageClasses}
	 * for a type-safe alternative to String-based package names.
	 * @return base packages to scan
	 * @since 1.3.0
	 */
	@AliasFor(annotation = ComponentScan.class, attribute = "basePackages")
	String[] scanBasePackages() default {};
	/**
	 * Type-safe alternative to {@link #scanBasePackages} for specifying the packages to
	 * scan for annotated components. The package of each class specified will be scanned.
	 * <p>
	 * Consider creating a special no-op marker class or interface in each package that
	 * serves no purpose other than being referenced by this attribute.
	 * @return base packages to scan
	 * @since 1.3.0
	 */
	@AliasFor(annotation = ComponentScan.class, attribute = "basePackageClasses")
	Class<?>[] scanBasePackageClasses() default {};
}

它是位于org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure包下面的。我们可以看到它依赖了几个重要的注解SpringBootConfiguration、EnableAutoConfiguration、ComponentScan这三个注解。其中EnableAutoConfiguration就是springboot自动配置用到的类,在接下来我们将会重点介绍。

3、我们在看SpringApplication运行的run方法

	/**
	 * Static helper that can be used to run a {@link SpringApplication} from the
	 * specified sources using default settings and user supplied arguments.
	 * @param primarySources the primary sources to load
	 * @param args the application arguments (usually passed from a Java main method)
	 * @return the running {@link ApplicationContext}
	 */
	public static ConfigurableApplicationContext run(Class<?>[] primarySources, String[] args) {
		return new SpringApplication(primarySources).run(args);
	}

首先,创建SpringApplication应用对象,然后调用run方法传入启动参数

	public SpringApplication(ResourceLoader resourceLoader, Class<?>... primarySources) {
		this.resourceLoader = resourceLoader;
		Assert.notNull(primarySources, "PrimarySources must not be null");
		this.primarySources = new LinkedHashSet<>(Arrays.asList(primarySources));
		this.webApplicationType = WebApplicationType.deduceFromClasspath();
		setInitializers((Collection) getSpringFactoriesInstances(ApplicationContextInitializer.class));
		setListeners((Collection) getSpringFactoriesInstances(ApplicationListener.class));
		this.mainApplicationClass = deduceMainApplicationClass();
	}
	this.webApplicationType = WebApplicationType.deduceFromClasspath();
		setInitializers((Collection) getSpringFactoriesInstances(ApplicationContextInitializer.class));
		setListeners((Collection) getSpringFactoriesInstances(ApplicationListener.class));
		this.mainApplicationClass = deduceMainApplicationClass();

这是创建对象的方法,先校验启动类,然后调用deduceFromClasspath方法推断一个应用类型(是否是web项目)初始化工厂类,设置Spring监听器(观察者模式)。

4、创建好对象后,我们接着看run方法

/**
	 * Run the Spring application, creating and refreshing a new
	 * {@link ApplicationContext}.
	 * @param args the application arguments (usually passed from a Java main method)
	 * @return a running {@link ApplicationContext}
	 */
	public ConfigurableApplicationContext run(String... args) {
		//开启系统启动时间监听		
		StopWatch stopWatch = new StopWatch();
		stopWatch.start();
		ConfigurableApplicationContext context = null;
		//创建一场报告集合
		Collection<SpringBootExceptionReporter> exceptionReporters = new ArrayList<>();
		//配置检测无显示器也可以启动
		configureHeadlessProperty();
		//获取运行监听器,获取事件发布监听
		SpringApplicationRunListeners listeners = getRunListeners(args);
		//启动监听器
		listeners.starting();
		try {
			//通过启动参数构建应用参数
			ApplicationArguments applicationArguments = new DefaultApplicationArguments(args);
			//创建上线文环境
			ConfigurableEnvironment environment = prepareEnvironment(listeners, applicationArguments);
			//配置忽略的bean信息
			configureIgnoreBeanInfo(environment);
			//打印boot启动logo
			Banner printedBanner = printBanner(environment);
			//创建上线文(容器)
			context = createApplicationContext();
			//获取异常集合
			exceptionReporters = getSpringFactoriesInstances(SpringBootExceptionReporter.class,
					new Class[] { ConfigurableApplicationContext.class }, context);
			//准备上下文
			prepareContext(context, environment, listeners, applicationArguments, printedBanner);
			//刷新上下文(重点)
			refreshContext(context);
			//刷新之后
			afterRefresh(context, applicationArguments);
			//关闭系统时间监听
			stopWatch.stop();
			//打印日志
			if (this.logStartupInfo) {
				new StartupInfoLogger(this.mainApplicationClass).logStarted(getApplicationLog(), stopWatch);
			}
			listeners.started(context);
			callRunners(context, applicationArguments);
		}
		catch (Throwable ex) {
			handleRunFailure(context, ex, exceptionReporters, listeners);
			throw new IllegalStateException(ex);
		}

		try {
			listeners.running(context);
		}
		catch (Throwable ex) {
			handleRunFailure(context, ex, exceptionReporters, null);
			throw new IllegalStateException(ex);
		}
		return context;
	}

我们只看几个重要的方法,首先看createApplicationContext()创建上下文(容器)方法

	/**
	 * Strategy method used to create the {@link ApplicationContext}. By default this
	 * method will respect any explicitly set application context or application context
	 * class before falling back to a suitable default.
	 * @return the application context (not yet refreshed)
	 * @see #setApplicationContextClass(Class)
	 */
	protected ConfigurableApplicationContext createApplicationContext() {
		//获取启动类
		Class<?> contextClass = this.applicationContextClass;
		//推断上下文类型,默认web类型,
		if (contextClass == null) {
			try {
				switch (this.webApplicationType) {
				case SERVLET:
					contextClass = Class.forName(DEFAULT_SERVLET_WEB_CONTEXT_CLASS);
					break;
				//flux类型上下文
				case REACTIVE:
					contextClass = Class.forName(DEFAULT_REACTIVE_WEB_CONTEXT_CLASS);
					break;
				default:
					contextClass = Class.forName(DEFAULT_CONTEXT_CLASS);
				}
			}
			catch (ClassNotFoundException ex) {
				throw new IllegalStateException(
						"Unable create a default ApplicationContext, " + "please specify an ApplicationContextClass",
						ex);
			}
		}
		//实例化上下文,容器
		return (ConfigurableApplicationContext) BeanUtils.instantiateClass(contextClass);
	}

我们在看,prepareContext(context, environment, listeners, applicationArguments, printedBanner);准备上下文方法

	private void prepareContext(ConfigurableApplicationContext context, ConfigurableEnvironment environment,
			SpringApplicationRunListeners listeners, ApplicationArguments applicationArguments, Banner printedBanner) {
		//设置上下文环境		
		context.setEnvironment(environment);
		//处理应用上下文
		postProcessApplicationContext(context);
		//应用初始化类
		applyInitializers(context);
		//监听器准备上下文
		listeners.contextPrepared(context);
		if (this.logStartupInfo) {
			logStartupInfo(context.getParent() == null);
			logStartupProfileInfo(context);
		}
		// Add boot specific singleton beans
		//创建bean工厂
		ConfigurableListableBeanFactory beanFactory = context.getBeanFactory();
		//注册应用参数bean						
		beanFactory.registerSingleton("springApplicationArguments", applicationArguments);
		if (printedBanner != null) {
			beanFactory.registerSingleton("springBootBanner", printedBanner);
		}
		if (beanFactory instanceof DefaultListableBeanFactory) {
			((DefaultListableBeanFactory) beanFactory)
					.setAllowBeanDefinitionOverriding(this.allowBeanDefinitionOverriding);
		}
		// Load the sources
		Set<Object> sources = getAllSources();
		Assert.notEmpty(sources, "Sources must not be empty");
		load(context, sources.toArray(new Object[0]));
		listeners.contextLoaded(context);
	}

在看、重要的refreshContext(context);刷新上下文方法重点

	private void refreshContext(ConfigurableApplicationContext context) {
		refresh(context);
		if (this.registerShutdownHook) {
			try {
				context.registerShutdownHook();
			}
			catch (AccessControlException ex) {
				// Not allowed in some environments.
			}
		}
	}

点进去refresh(context);方法进入

	/**
	 * Refresh the underlying {@link ApplicationContext}.
	 * @param applicationContext the application context to refresh
	 */
	protected void refresh(ApplicationContext applicationContext) {
		Assert.isInstanceOf(AbstractApplicationContext.class, applicationContext);
		((AbstractApplicationContext) applicationContext).refresh();
	}

类型转换为AbstractApplicationContext,继续看refresh方法

@Override
	public void refresh() throws BeansException, IllegalStateException {
		synchronized (this.startupShutdownMonitor) {
			//准备刷新
			prepareRefresh();
			// 刷新子类工厂
			ConfigurableListableBeanFactory beanFactory = obtainFreshBeanFactory();
			// 准备beanFactory
			prepareBeanFactory(beanFactory);
			try {
				// 处理bean工厂
				postProcessBeanFactory(beanFactory);
				// 调用bean共产处理器重点
			invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(beanFactory);
				// 注册bean工厂处理器
			registerBeanPostProcessors(beanFactory);
				// 初始化消息类
				initMessageSource();
				// 初始化应用事件广播
				initApplicationEventMulticaster();
				// 正在刷新的
				onRefresh();
				// 发布事件监听器
				registerListeners();
				// 完成bean工厂注册
			finishBeanFactoryInitialization(beanFactory);
				// 完成事件刷新
				finishRefresh();
			}
			catch (BeansException ex) {
				if (logger.isWarnEnabled()) {
					logger.warn("Exception encountered during context initialization - " +
							"cancelling refresh attempt: " + ex);
				}

				// Destroy already created singletons to avoid dangling resources.
				destroyBeans();

				// Reset 'active' flag.
				cancelRefresh(ex);

				// Propagate exception to caller.
				throw ex;
			}

			finally {
				// Reset common introspection caches in Spring's core, since we
				// might not ever need metadata for singleton beans anymore...
				resetCommonCaches();
			}
		}
	}

我们在看prepareRefresh准备刷新方法

/**
	 * Prepare this context for refreshing, setting its startup date and
	 * active flag as well as performing any initialization of property sources.
	 */
	protected void prepareRefresh() {
		// 启动应用开关
		this.startupDate = System.currentTimeMillis();
		this.closed.set(false);
		//设置启动状态
		this.active.set(true);
		if (logger.isDebugEnabled()) {
			if (logger.isTraceEnabled()) {
				logger.trace("Refreshing " + this);
			}
			else {
				logger.debug("Refreshing " + getDisplayName());
			}
		}

		// 初始化属性类
		initPropertySources();
		// 校验属性
		// see ConfigurablePropertyResolver#setRequiredProperties
		getEnvironment().validateRequiredProperties();
		// Store pre-refresh ApplicationListeners...
		if (this.earlyApplicationListeners == null) {
			this.earlyApplicationListeners = new LinkedHashSet<>(this.applicationListeners);
		}
		else {
			// Reset local application listeners to pre-refresh state.
			this.applicationListeners.clear();
			this.applicationListeners.addAll(this.earlyApplicationListeners);
		}

		// Allow for the collection of early ApplicationEvents,
		// to be published once the multicaster is available...
		this.earlyApplicationEvents = new LinkedHashSet<>();
	}

在看prepareBeanFactory准备配置工厂方法

/**
	 * Configure the factory's standard context characteristics,
	 * such as the context's ClassLoader and post-processors.
	 * @param beanFactory the BeanFactory to configure
	 */
	protected void prepareBeanFactory(ConfigurableListableBeanFactory beanFactory) {
		// 设置类加载器
		beanFactory.setBeanClassLoader(getClassLoader());
		//设置bean表达式处理
		beanFactory.setBeanExpressionResolver(new StandardBeanExpressionResolver(beanFactory.getBeanClassLoader()));
		//设置属性编辑器注册
		beanFactory.addPropertyEditorRegistrar(new ResourceEditorRegistrar(this, getEnvironment()));

		// 配置bean处理器,后置处理
		beanFactory.addBeanPostProcessor(new ApplicationContextAwareProcessor(this));
		beanFactory.ignoreDependencyInterface(EnvironmentAware.class);
		beanFactory.ignoreDependencyInterface(EmbeddedValueResolverAware.class);
		beanFactory.ignoreDependencyInterface(ResourceLoaderAware.class);
		beanFactory.ignoreDependencyInterface(ApplicationEventPublisherAware.class);
		beanFactory.ignoreDependencyInterface(MessageSourceAware.class);
		beanFactory.ignoreDependencyInterface(ApplicationContextAware.class);

		// BeanFactory interface not registered as resolvable type in a plain factory.
		// MessageSource registered (and found for autowiring) as a bean.
		beanFactory.registerResolvableDependency(BeanFactory.class, beanFactory);
		beanFactory.registerResolvableDependency(ResourceLoader.class, this);
		beanFactory.registerResolvableDependency(ApplicationEventPublisher.class, this);
		beanFactory.registerResolvableDependency(ApplicationContext.class, this);

		// 添加事件监听处理器
		beanFactory.addBeanPostProcessor(new ApplicationListenerDetector(this));

		// Detect a LoadTimeWeaver and prepare for weaving, if found.
		if (beanFactory.containsBean(LOAD_TIME_WEAVER_BEAN_NAME)) {
			beanFactory.addBeanPostProcessor(new LoadTimeWeaverAwareProcessor(beanFactory));
			// Set a temporary ClassLoader for type matching.
			beanFactory.setTempClassLoader(new ContextTypeMatchClassLoader(beanFactory.getBeanClassLoader()));
		}

		// Register default environment beans.
		if (!beanFactory.containsLocalBean(ENVIRONMENT_BEAN_NAME)) {
	//注册环境bean		beanFactory.registerSingleton(ENVIRONMENT_BEAN_NAME, getEnvironment());
		}
		if (!beanFactory.containsLocalBean(SYSTEM_PROPERTIES_BEAN_NAME)) {
			beanFactory.registerSingleton(SYSTEM_PROPERTIES_BEAN_NAME, getEnvironment().getSystemProperties());
		}
		if (!beanFactory.containsLocalBean(SYSTEM_ENVIRONMENT_BEAN_NAME)) {
			beanFactory.registerSingleton(SYSTEM_ENVIRONMENT_BEAN_NAME, getEnvironment().getSystemEnvironment());
		}
	}

在看postProcessBeanFactory(beanFactory);处理工厂类(子类)

在ServletWebServerApplicationContext类中实现了这个方法
	@Override
	protected void postProcessBeanFactory(ConfigurableListableBeanFactory beanFactory) {
		beanFactory.addBeanPostProcessor(new WebApplicationContextServletContextAwareProcessor(this));
		beanFactory.ignoreDependencyInterface(ServletContextAware.class);
		registerWebApplicationScopes();
	}

在看invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(beanFactory);调用bean工厂处理器方法

	/**
	 * Instantiate and invoke all registered BeanFactoryPostProcessor beans,
	 * respecting explicit order if given.
	 * <p>Must be called before singleton instantiation.
	 */
	protected void invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(ConfigurableListableBeanFactory beanFactory) {
//处理工厂类代表	PostProcessorRegistrationDelegate.invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(beanFactory, getBeanFactoryPostProcessors());

		// Detect a LoadTimeWeaver and prepare for weaving, if found in the meantime
		// (e.g. through an @Bean method registered by ConfigurationClassPostProcessor)
		if (beanFactory.getTempClassLoader() == null && beanFactory.containsBean(LOAD_TIME_WEAVER_BEAN_NAME)) {
			beanFactory.addBeanPostProcessor(new LoadTimeWeaverAwareProcessor(beanFactory));
			beanFactory.setTempClassLoader(new ContextTypeMatchClassLoader(beanFactory.getBeanClassLoader()));
		}
	}

点进去看看

public static void invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(
			ConfigurableListableBeanFactory beanFactory, List<BeanFactoryPostProcessor> beanFactoryPostProcessors) {

		// Invoke BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessors first, if any.
		Set<String> processedBeans = new HashSet<>();

		if (beanFactory instanceof BeanDefinitionRegistry) {
			BeanDefinitionRegistry registry = (BeanDefinitionRegistry) beanFactory;
			List<BeanFactoryPostProcessor> regularPostProcessors = new ArrayList<>();
			List<BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor> registryProcessors = new ArrayList<>();

			for (BeanFactoryPostProcessor postProcessor : beanFactoryPostProcessors) {
				if (postProcessor instanceof BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor) {
					BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor registryProcessor =
							(BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor) postProcessor;
					registryProcessor.postProcessBeanDefinitionRegistry(registry);
					registryProcessors.add(registryProcessor);
				}
				else {
					regularPostProcessors.add(postProcessor);
				}
			}

			// Do not initialize FactoryBeans here: We need to leave all regular beans
			// uninitialized to let the bean factory post-processors apply to them!
			// Separate between BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessors that implement
			// PriorityOrdered, Ordered, and the rest.
			List<BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor> currentRegistryProcessors = new ArrayList<>();

			// First, invoke the BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessors that implement PriorityOrdered.
			String[] postProcessorNames =
					beanFactory.getBeanNamesForType(BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor.class, true, false);
			for (String ppName : postProcessorNames) {
				if (beanFactory.isTypeMatch(ppName, PriorityOrdered.class)) {
					currentRegistryProcessors.add(beanFactory.getBean(ppName, BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor.class));
					processedBeans.add(ppName);
				}
			}
			sortPostProcessors(currentRegistryProcessors, beanFactory);
			registryProcessors.addAll(currentRegistryProcessors);
			invokeBeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessors(currentRegistryProcessors, registry);
			currentRegistryProcessors.clear();

			// Next, invoke the BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessors that implement Ordered.
			postProcessorNames = beanFactory.getBeanNamesForType(BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor.class, true, false);
			for (String ppName : postProcessorNames) {
				if (!processedBeans.contains(ppName) && beanFactory.isTypeMatch(ppName, Ordered.class)) {
					currentRegistryProcessors.add(beanFactory.getBean(ppName, BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor.class));
					processedBeans.add(ppName);
				}
			}
			sortPostProcessors(currentRegistryProcessors, beanFactory);
			registryProcessors.addAll(currentRegistryProcessors);
			invokeBeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessors(currentRegistryProcessors, registry);
			currentRegistryProcessors.clear();

			// Finally, invoke all other BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessors until no further ones appear.
			boolean reiterate = true;
			while (reiterate) {
				reiterate = false;
				postProcessorNames = beanFactory.getBeanNamesForType(BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor.class, true, false);
				for (String ppName : postProcessorNames) {
					if (!processedBeans.contains(ppName)) {
						currentRegistryProcessors.add(beanFactory.getBean(ppName, BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor.class));
						processedBeans.add(ppName);
						reiterate = true;
					}
				}
				sortPostProcessors(currentRegistryProcessors, beanFactory);
				registryProcessors.addAll(currentRegistryProcessors);
				invokeBeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessors(currentRegistryProcessors, registry);
				currentRegistryProcessors.clear();
			}

			// Now, invoke the postProcessBeanFactory callback of all processors handled so far.
			invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(registryProcessors, beanFactory);
			invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(regularPostProcessors, beanFactory);
		}

		else {
			// Invoke factory processors registered with the context instance.
			invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(beanFactoryPostProcessors, beanFactory);
		}

		// Do not initialize FactoryBeans here: We need to leave all regular beans
		// uninitialized to let the bean factory post-processors apply to them!
		String[] postProcessorNames =
				beanFactory.getBeanNamesForType(BeanFactoryPostProcessor.class, true, false);

		// Separate between BeanFactoryPostProcessors that implement PriorityOrdered,
		// Ordered, and the rest.
		List<BeanFactoryPostProcessor> priorityOrderedPostProcessors = new ArrayList<>();
		List<String> orderedPostProcessorNames = new ArrayList<>();
		List<String> nonOrderedPostProcessorNames = new ArrayList<>();
		for (String ppName : postProcessorNames) {
			if (processedBeans.contains(ppName)) {
				// skip - already processed in first phase above
			}
			else if (beanFactory.isTypeMatch(ppName, PriorityOrdered.class)) {
				priorityOrderedPostProcessors.add(beanFactory.getBean(ppName, BeanFactoryPostProcessor.class));
			}
			else if (beanFactory.isTypeMatch(ppName, Ordered.class)) {
				orderedPostProcessorNames.add(ppName);
			}
			else {
				nonOrderedPostProcessorNames.add(ppName);
			}
		}

		// First, invoke the BeanFactoryPostProcessors that implement PriorityOrdered.
		sortPostProcessors(priorityOrderedPostProcessors, beanFactory);
		invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(priorityOrderedPostProcessors, beanFactory);

		// Next, invoke the BeanFactoryPostProcessors that implement Ordered.
		List<BeanFactoryPostProcessor> orderedPostProcessors = new ArrayList<>();
		for (String postProcessorName : orderedPostProcessorNames) {
			orderedPostProcessors.add(beanFactory.getBean(postProcessorName, BeanFactoryPostProcessor.class));
		}
		sortPostProcessors(orderedPostProcessors, beanFactory);
		invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(orderedPostProcessors, beanFactory);

		// Finally, invoke all other BeanFactoryPostProcessors.
		List<BeanFactoryPostProcessor> nonOrderedPostProcessors = new ArrayList<>();
		for (String postProcessorName : nonOrderedPostProcessorNames) {
			nonOrderedPostProcessors.add(beanFactory.getBean(postProcessorName, BeanFactoryPostProcessor.class));
		}
		invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(nonOrderedPostProcessors, beanFactory);

		// Clear cached merged bean definitions since the post-processors might have
		// modified the original metadata, e.g. replacing placeholders in values...
		beanFactory.clearMetadataCache();
	}

点进去invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors方法

	/**
	 * Invoke the given BeanFactoryPostProcessor beans.
	 */
	private static void invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(
			Collection<? extends BeanFactoryPostProcessor> postProcessors, ConfigurableListableBeanFactory beanFactory) {

		for (BeanFactoryPostProcessor postProcessor : postProcessors) {
			postProcessor.postProcessBeanFactory(beanFactory);
		}
	}

点击postProcessBeanFactory(beanFactory);找到实现类

	@Override
	public void postProcessBeanFactory(ConfigurableListableBeanFactory beanFactory) {
		int factoryId = System.identityHashCode(beanFactory);
		if (this.factoriesPostProcessed.contains(factoryId)) {
			throw new IllegalStateException(
					"postProcessBeanFactory already called on this post-processor against " + beanFactory);
		}
		this.factoriesPostProcessed.add(factoryId);
		if (!this.registriesPostProcessed.contains(factoryId)) {
			// BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor hook apparently not supported...
			// Simply call processConfigurationClasses lazily at this point then.
			processConfigBeanDefinitions((BeanDefinitionRegistry) beanFactory);
		}

		enhanceConfigurationClasses(beanFactory);
		beanFactory.addBeanPostProcessor(new ImportAwareBeanPostProcessor(beanFactory));
	}

点击processConfigBeanDefinitions((BeanDefinitionRegistry) beanFactory);方法找到

// Parse each @Configuration class
		ConfigurationClassParser parser = new ConfigurationClassParser(
				this.metadataReaderFactory, this.problemReporter, this.environment,
				this.resourceLoader, this.componentScanBeanNameGenerator, registry);

		Set<BeanDefinitionHolder> candidates = new LinkedHashSet<>(configCandidates);
		Set<ConfigurationClass> alreadyParsed = new HashSet<>(configCandidates.size());
		do {
			parser.parse(candidates);
			parser.validate();

			Set<ConfigurationClass> configClasses = new LinkedHashSet<>(parser.getConfigurationClasses());
			configClasses.removeAll(alreadyParsed);

继续找parse方法,找到ConfigurationClassParser类这个方法,接着找

	@Nullable
	protected final SourceClass doProcessConfigurationClass(ConfigurationClass configClass, SourceClass sourceClass)
			throws IOException {

// Process any @Import annotations
processImports(configClass, sourceClass, getImports(sourceClass), true);

	// Process any @ImportResource annotations
	AnnotationAttributes importResource =
			AnnotationConfigUtils.attributesFor(sourceClass.getMetadata(), ImportResource.class);
	if (importResource != null) {
		String[] resources = importResource.getStringArray("locations");
		Class<? extends BeanDefinitionReader> readerClass = importResource.getClass("reader");
		for (String resource : resources) {
			String resolvedResource = this.environment.resolveRequiredPlaceholders(resource);
			configClass.addImportedResource(resolvedResource, readerClass);
		}
	}

	// Process individual @Bean methods
	Set<MethodMetadata> beanMethods = retrieveBeanMethodMetadata(sourceClass);
	for (MethodMetadata methodMetadata : beanMethods) {
		configClass.addBeanMethod(new BeanMethod(methodMetadata, configClass));
	}

	// Process default methods on interfaces
	processInterfaces(configClass, sourceClass);

	// Process superclass, if any
	if (sourceClass.getMetadata().hasSuperClass()) {
		String superclass = sourceClass.getMetadata().getSuperClassName();
		if (superclass != null && !superclass.startsWith("java") &&
				!this.knownSuperclasses.containsKey(superclass)) {
			this.knownSuperclasses.put(superclass, configClass);
			// Superclass found, return its annotation metadata and recurse
			return sourceClass.getSuperClass();
		}
	}

	// No superclass -> processing is complete
	return null;
我们找到processImports的处理地方
this.importStack.push(configClass);
		try {
			for (SourceClass candidate : importCandidates) {
				if (candidate.isAssignable(ImportSelector.class)) {
					// Candidate class is an ImportSelector -> delegate to it to determine imports
					Class<?> candidateClass = candidate.loadClass();
					ImportSelector selector = BeanUtils.instantiateClass(candidateClass, ImportSelector.class);
					ParserStrategyUtils.invokeAwareMethods(
							selector, this.environment, this.resourceLoader, this.registry);
					if (selector instanceof DeferredImportSelector) {
						this.deferredImportSelectorHandler.handle(configClass, (DeferredImportSelector) selector);
					}
					else {
						String[] importClassNames = selector.selectImports(currentSourceClass.getMetadata());
						Collection<SourceClass> importSourceClasses = asSourceClasses(importClassNames);
						processImports(configClass, currentSourceClass, importSourceClasses, false);
					}
				}
				else if (candidate.isAssignable(ImportBeanDefinitionRegistrar.class)) {
					// Candidate class is an ImportBeanDefinitionRegistrar ->
					// delegate to it to register additional bean definitions
					Class<?> candidateClass = candidate.loadClass();
					ImportBeanDefinitionRegistrar registrar =
							BeanUtils.instantiateClass(candidateClass, ImportBeanDefinitionRegistrar.class);
					ParserStrategyUtils.invokeAwareMethods(
							registrar, this.environment, this.resourceLoader, this.registry);
					configClass.addImportBeanDefinitionRegistrar(registrar, currentSourceClass.getMetadata());
				}
				else {
					// Candidate class not an ImportSelector or ImportBeanDefinitionRegistrar ->
					// process it as an @Configuration class
					this.importStack.registerImport(
							currentSourceClass.getMetadata(), candidate.getMetadata().getClassName());
					processConfigurationClass(candidate.asConfigClass(configClass));
				}
			}
		}
ImportSelector接口处理的地方,自动配置外部bean的方法

接下来,看registerBeanPostProcessors(beanFactory);注册bean处理器工厂

然后,看onRefresh方法
@Override
protected void onRefresh() {
	super.onRefresh();
	try {
		createWebServer();
	}
	catch (Throwable ex) {
		throw new ApplicationContextException("Unable to start web server", ex);
	}
}
在这里创建web容器,完成刷新,应用启动完成,

最后,我们看一下EnableAutoConfiguration注解

@Target(ElementType.TYPE)
@Retention(RetentionPolicy.RUNTIME)
@Documented
@Inherited
@AutoConfigurationPackage
@Import(AutoConfigurationImportSelector.class)
public @interface EnableAutoConfiguration {

String ENABLED_OVERRIDE_PROPERTY = "spring.boot.enableautoconfiguration";

/**
 * Exclude specific auto-configuration classes such that they will never be applied.
 * @return the classes to exclude
 */
Class<?>[] exclude() default {};

/**
 * Exclude specific auto-configuration class names such that they will never be
 * applied.
 * @return the class names to exclude
 * @since 1.3.0
 */
String[] excludeName() default {};
这个注解也使用的Import注解处理的,进行自动配置
还有细节结下来在细说。

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